Item Analysis of Multiple-Choice Questions at the Department of Community Medicine, Wah Medical College, Pakistan

Musarat Ramzan, Shezadi Sabah Imran, Saana Bibi, Khola Waheed Khan, Imrana Maqsood


Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the quality of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) of three different assessments in the subject of Community Medicine by computing the difficulty index, discrimination index and reliability and to estimate the relationship between difficulty and discrimination indices.
Study Design: Retrospective observational study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Community Medicine at Wah Medical College from August to December 2018.
Materials and Methods: Three sets of MCQs were included in the study. Mean and standard deviation of difficulty and discrimination indices were calculated and one-way analysis of variance and Kruskal Wallis test were applied on difficulty and discrimination indices. The association was determined by Pearson correlation and considered significant at p value of < 0.05.
Results: The mean difficulty index of first term, second term and send-up examination were 41.5, 48.8 and 51.9 respectively. Mean discrimination indices were 0.28, 0.27 and 0.26 and reliability were 0.83, 0.81 and 0.79. In the study, 72% MCQs of the first term, 61.5 % of the second term and 63% of the send-up examinations were in the range 30-70% of difficulty. There was a significant difference in the difficulty indices of the three question papers. The correlation between discrimination and difficulty indices was curvilinear and positively correlated.
Conclusion: It is concluded that all three question papers have acceptable reliability, more than 65% MCQs have acceptable difficulty index and about 69% have good discriminatory power.

Key Words: Assessment, Difficulty Index, Discrimination Index, Multiple Choice Questions, Reliability.

How to cite this: Ramzan M, Imran SS, Bibi S, Khan KW, Maqsood I. Item Analysis of Multiple-Choice Questions at the Department of Community Medicine, Wah Medical College, Pakistan. Life and Science. 2020; 1(2): 60-63. doi:

Read PDF
Crossref Member Badge
Crossref Member Badge
Creative Commons License


All the articles published in Life and Science are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Copyright © 2020 LifeandScience. All Right Reserved