Death Anxiety in Hemodialysis Patients before and during the Outbreak of COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study

Saira Javed, Shavana Sahar Bangash, Nafeesa Sharf, Bushra Samman, Talha Alvi


Objective: To study the occurrence of death anxiety among hemodialysis patients before and during COVID-19.
Study Design: Longitudinal study.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out from November 2019 to May 2020 at Pakistan Kidney Patients Association, Rawalpindi.
Materials and Methods: Data was collected, with formal written consent, from hemodialysis patients, through convenient sampling technique in two phases. In phase I, pre COVID 19 pandemic period data of 110 subjects   and in phase II, COVID 19 pandemic era, data of 83 subjects were collected. Demographic variables and death anxiety scale were used for descriptive analysis.
Results: The study results   have shown that patients, in the pre pandemic period, had   mild level of death anxiety, despite having comorbid chronic illnesses like diabetes mellitus, hypertension, depression and hepatitis. However, during COVID 19 pandemic death anxiety experienced among the participants, ranged between mild to severe level.
Conclusion:  The surge in new cases of COVID-19 and deaths, together with the barrage of information to which population is submitted through media, care takers and doctors has influenced the mentality of patients, resulting into variation in death anxiety among hemodialysis patients. It is concluded that occurrence of death anxiety before and during COVID -19 influence the mental health of patients.

Key Words: COVID-19, Death Anxiety, Hemodialysis, Mental Health.

How to cite this: Javed S, Bangash S, Sharf N, Samman B, Alvi T.  Death Anxiety in Hemodialysis Patients before and during the Outbreak of COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study. Life and Science. 2021; 2(4): 135-138 . doi:

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