Lignocaine Alone Vs Lignocaine plus Ketorolac in Reducing Perioperative Pain in Intravenous Regional Anesthesia

Kiran Ghori, Mirza Sijeel Ahmad, Abu Sufyan, Tarique Ahmed Maka

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy lignocaine alone with lignocaine plus ketorolac in intravenous regional anesthesia technique in terms of mean pain and time for analgesia.
Study Design: Randomized controlled trial.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out at Department of Anesthesia, KRL Hospital, Islamabad from April 2017 to October 2017.
Materials and Methods: Sixty consecutive patients undergoing ambulatory hand/forearm surgery, who fulfilled inclusion criteria. They were divided into two equal groups of 30 patients in each. In “Group A” Lignocaine only and in “Group B” Lignocaine plus ketorolac was used for intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA).
Results: Pain relief was better in Group B as shown by comparison of pain in Group A  at 10, 20, 30, 40 and 60 minutes was as 0.13+0.35 v/s 0.27+0.52, p value was 0.24, 0.23+0.43 v/s 1.60+0.50, p value was 0.000, 1.27+0.45 v/s 1.53+0.51, p value was 0.03, 1.23+0.43 v/s 2.67+0.48, p value was 0.0001 and 1.27+0.45 v/s 3.53+0.68, p value was 0.0001 respectively.
Conclusion: Lignocaine plus ketorolac in intravenous regional anesthesia technique was significantly better when compared with lignocaine alone in terms of mean pain and time for analgesia.

Key Words: Intravenous Regional Anesthesia, Lignocaine Alone, Lignocaine Plus Ketorolac, Perioperative Pain.

How to cite this: Ghori K, Ahmad MS, Sufyan A, Maka TA.  Lignocaine Alone Vs Lignocaine plus Ketorolac in Reducing Perioperative Pain in Intravenous Regional Anesthesia. Life and Science. 2022; 3(3): 105-109.  doi: http://doi.org/10.37185/LnS.1.1.204

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