Hashmat Gul, Maleeha Nayyer, Yusra Junaid, Mehwish Pasha, Tahira Ejaz, Ujala Liaqat, Syed Hammad Hassan
Objective: To assess deionized water’s aging effect on the hardness of four direct tooth colored dental filling materials i.e., Glass Ionomer Cement, Resin Modified Glass Ionomer, Giomer and Compomer.
Study Design: An in vitro experimental study performed in triplicates.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out at PG Laboratory, Department of Science of Dental Materials, Army Medical College Rawalpindi, Pakistan from February 2023 to August 2023.
Methods: Three disc-shaped samples (n=3) of 10 mm diameter and 1 mm thickness of each restorative material were prepared using stainless steel molds per manufacturer’s instructions. These disc-shaped samples were then suspended in a 15 mL conical centrifuge tube containing 10 mL deionized water, followed by incubation in a Forced Convection Laboratory Oven at 37oC where these were allowed to age over a period of 1-2 years. Vickers Hardness of each sample was then checked at two-time intervals, i.e., after 24 h setting and after 2.5 years of ageing through the Micro Vickers Hardness Tester calibrated at 1Kgf (9.80 N) with dwell time of 10 seconds and light intensity 10.
Results: After one day (24 h) aging in deionized water, maximum mean Vickers hardness number (VHN) was exhibited by Compomer (539.83±58.08 VHN) and least by GIC (175.75±24.47 VHN). After aging the sample for 912 days, maximum mean VHN was observed for GIC (420.67±99.66 VHN) and least by Compomer (354.33±9.22 VHN).
Conclusion: RMGIC sustains its hardness on aging, hardness of GIC increases while that of Giomer and Compomer decreases upon aging.
Keywords: Aging, Compomer, Composite, Giomer, Glass Lonomer Cements, Hardness, Micro Indentation
How to cite this: Gul H, Nayyer M, Junaid Y, Pasha M, Ejaz T, Liaqat U, Hassan SH. Effect of Aging on Hardness of Glass Ionomer, Resin-Modified Glass Ionomer, Giomer and Compomer Dental Restorative Materials. Life and Science. 2023; 4(4): 438-445. doi: http://doi.org/10.37185/LnS.1.1.437Read PDF
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