Histopathological Study and Clinical Correlation of Glial Tumors at a Tertiary Care Hospital of Karachi

Javeria khan, Irtiza Ahmed Bhatti, Nazish Jaffar, Ghulam Haider, Aliya Zaman, Shamama Muhammad Shabbir


Objective: To observe the spectrum of glial tumors in a resource-limited tertiary care setup of Karachi according to the modified WHO central nervous system tumor classification.
Study Design: A retrospective analysis.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted at the Oncology Ward of Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC), Karachi, Pakistan from August 2020 to January 2021.
Methods:  The study was done to record data of patients diagnosed with glioma, which were registered during 2017 – 2019. Patients were classified according to recent WHO brain tumor classification. Data analysis as performed by SPSS version 26.0.
Results: A total of 115 glioma cases were included. The most common presenting age group was in the 4th decade of their life. Oligodendroglioma was the most common histological type 61 (53.5%). The most common presenting symptom was a headache in 46 (40%). The location of the tumor was temporoparietal lobe in 51/115 (44.3%). Immunohistochemical studies showed a significant association with histological subtypes (p-value 0.002).
Conclusion:  Oligodendroglioma was found to be the most common histological type. Immunohistochemical marker GFAP expression was positive for the majority of diagnosed cases, where 1p19q / codeletion was observed specifically in oligodendrogliomas.

Keywords: Brain Tumor, Glioma, Glial Tumors, GFAP, immunohistochemistry.

How to cite this: Khan J, Bhatt IA, Jaffar N, Haider G, Zaman A, Shabbir SM Histopathological Study and Clinical Correlation of Glial Tumors: Tertiary Care Setting in Karachi. Life and Science. 2023; 4(4): 483-487. doi: http://doi.org/10.37185/LnS.1.1.337

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